In Lorenzo il Magnifico, each player takes the role of a head of a noble family in Florence during the Renaissance. You must accumulate prestige and fame to gain more Victory Points than the others. To do so, you will send your family members to different areas of the city where they can attain various achievements. In some areas, you will get useful resources.
In others, you will get development cards representing new territories, sponsored buildings, influenced characters or encouraged ventures. Elsewhere, you can activate the effects of these cards. Family members are not identical. At the beginning of each round, 3 dice are rolled to determine the family members' value. You must carefully choose where to send your family members with a higher value.
There are several ways to gain Victory Points, but you must also pay attention to your relations to the Church. The game is divided into 3 periods, each formed by 2 rounds. At the end of each period, players must show their faith. Anyone who hasn't prayed enough will suffer harsh penalties. After 6 rounds, you will calculate your final score and the player with most Victory Points will be the winner.
- 1 Board
- Coins (1, 5)
- 4 Personal Boards
- 3 Dice
- 4 Personal Bonus Tiles (white, black, orange)
- 12 Excommunication Cubes (3 for each player color)
- Wooden resources
- 16 Family Members (each player has 3 colored pawns and 1 uncolored pawn)
- 20 Leader Cards
- 4 Covering Tiles
- 96 development Cards
- 16 Marker Discs (4 for each player color)
- 21 Excommunication Tiles
- 4 Sticker Sheets
- Quick Reference Guide
Before the first game, you have to apply stickers to the Family Members (cylindric pawns). Stickers have the same background color as the players' colors. Apply the stickers with a colored die on the colored pawns of each set. Apply the stickers with the neutral die and a 0 on the 4 uncolored pawns.
Place the Board in the center of the table.
Separate the Development Cards by type and period (color and back number). Shuffle each deck (formed by 8 cards) separately. Create 4 different decks (one for each type of card) by placing third period cards on the bottom, second period cards in the middle, and first period cards on the top. Place the decks next to the board, near the towers.
Separate the Excommunication Tiles by period (back number), shuffle them separately, then draw one tile from each stack and place them in the appropriate space on the board. (Place the leftover tiles back in the box).
Place the resources and coins next to the board. They form the general supply. Small resources count as 1. Large resources count as 5. Resources are considered to be unlimited. (If you run out, find a way to take note of the resources you receive).
Place the 3 Dice next to the Board.
In a 2-player game, place all the Covering Tiles in the appropriate spaces. In a 3-player game, place the 2 small Covering Tiles in the appropriate spaces.
Each player chooses a color and receives:
- A Personal Board.
- 1 Personal Bonus Tile. (In the basic game, all players use this side).
- 3 Family Members of their color and the uncolored Family Member with the sticker of their color
- 3 Excommunication Cubes.
- 4 Marker Discs. Place 1 disc each on the 0 step of the Victory Points track, Military Points track, and Faith Points track, respectively. Place the last disc on the Turn Order track.
- 2 wood, 2 stone, 3 servants
Randomly choose the turn order and place the marker discs on the Turn Order track.
The first player receives 5 coins, second player receives 6 coins, third player receives 7 coins, fourth player receives 8 coins.
Lorenzo il Magnifico is a complex strategic game. Here we present the rules for the basic game to introduce play. To play a full game, read the Advanced Rules section on page 12 and integrate them with the basic rules.
Lorenzo il Magnifico is played in 3 periods, each divided into 2 rounds, for a total of 6 rounds. Each round is divided into 4 phases.
- Round Setup
- Vatican Report (only during round 2, 4, 6 at the end of a Period)
- End of the Round
A. Round Setup
Draw 4 Development Cards from the top of each deck and place them in the appropriate spaces of the board, from bottom to top.
The First player rolls the dice and places them on the appropriate spaces on the board.
Following Turn Order, players must take their actions.
To take an action, you must place one of your Family Members in an action space and perform the corresponding action.
On top of each Family Member, there is a symbol (a colored or a neutral die). This symbol is related to the value of the corresponding die.
Each Family Member can perform an action at the value of its corresponding die (for example, if you rolled a 4 on the white die, all Family Members with the white die symbol on top will have a value of 4 during the current round). The neutral Family Members have a value of 0. (The colored sticker reminds that an uncolored Family Member belongs to a certain player).
For some actions, you will need a Family Member of value 1. For other actions, you will need higher values. Some actions allow you to decide your Family Member's value depending on your needs. The minimum value needed for every action is depicted inside the die symbol under the action space.
Note: A Family Member with a certain value can always take an action that requires a lower value.
Before placing a Family Member, you can always spend servants to increase the Family Member's value, in a 1:1 ratio, without limit. (For example, you can spend 3 servants to increase your uncolored Family Member's value to 3).
There are 5 different areas where you can place your Family Members. Different rules are applied to the action spaces in different areas.
Towers For Development Cards
There are 4 Towers, each with 4 floors. On every floor, there is an action space that allows the player to take the corresponding card and, if present, some bonuses.
There are 4 different types of Development Cards: Territories (green), Buildings (yellow), Characters (blue), and Ventures (purple).
All cards, Territories excepted, have a cost indicated in their upper left corner. When you have to take a card (as an effect of a Family Member placed or another card's immediate effect), you must always pay its cost.
Most cards have an immediate effect. This is indicated in the middle part of the card, beside the flash symbol. You may receive resources, Points (Victory, Military or Faith) or bonus actions. These bonus actions could be taking a card without placing a Family Member or performing a Harvest/Production action.
Most cards have a permanent effect. This is indicated in the lower part of the card. Each type of card has a permanent effect that is activated in a different way.
Territories don't have a cost, but it is not that simple to conquer new territories. To take a new Territory Card, you must place it in the first free space on the left of your Personal Board (in the lower line).
The first 2 spaces are always available. The others will become available when your military power increases. On every space of the lower line of your Personal Board (except the first 2), you can see the number of Military Points required to place a card there.
You don't have to spend Military Points. You only have to have them in the moment you place the card. (After you have placed a card, the requirement is covered and you can forget it).
Territories are an important source of goods. Their permanent effects are activated with a Harvest action.
In addition, they provide Victory Points at the end of the game in relation to the total number of Territory Cards you have.
Take the depicted number of resources or Points.
Perform a specific action at a specific value without placing a Family Member.
Pay the resources or Points on the left to receive the resources or Points on the right, only one time per activation (if there are two arrows, you must choose which one to execute)
Receive the coins or Victory Points on the left for each number of Cards or Military Points on the right you have
You get a discount of the resources on the right when you take a specific type of Card.
When you are performing a specific action (Harvest, Production, or Taking a specific Card), increase your action value by the depicted number of dots.
Buildings always cost resources (wood, stone, servant, coin). When you acquire a Building Card, you must spend the required resources and return them to the general supply. If you don't have the required resources, you can't take the card.
Place the Building in the appropriate space on your Personal Board (in the upper line) from left to right.
Buildings provide resources or allow you to exchange a resource for either another resource or Points. Their permanent effects are activated with a Production action.
Permanent Effects examples:
Pay 1 wood to receive 3 Victory Points OR Pay 3 wood to receive 7 Victory Points
Gain 1 Victory Point for every Character Card you have next to your Personal Board
Pay 4 coins to receive 3 wood and 3 stone
Pay 1 wood OR 1 stone to receive 2 Faith Points
Immediate Effects examples:
Receive 1 Faith Point. In addition, you can perform an action at value 4 to take a card of any type without placing a Family Member. (You can change the action value with servants and cards effects). Pay 3 additional coins if the tower is already occupied and take the bonus resources from the third/fourth floor.
Perform an action at value 6 to take a Building card without placing a Family Member. (You can change the action value with servants and cards effects). The cost of the card you take is reduced by 1 wood and 1 stone. Pay 3 additional coins if the tower is already occupied and take the bonus resources from the third/fourth floor.
Receive 2 Faith Points. In addition, you can perform a Harvest action at value 4 without placing a Family Member. You can pay servants to increase the action value. (If you have cards that modify the Harvest value, calculate that bonus).
Receive 2 Victory Points for each Character Card next to your Personal Board, including this one.
Receive 3 different Council Privileges.
Characters only ever cost coins. When you acquire a Character Card, you must spend the required coins and return them to the general supply. If you don't have the required coins, you can't take the card.
Place the card in a line beside your Personal Board (in the lower right corner).
Some Characters' immediate effects may give you the ability to perform a bonus action without using your Family Members. In this case, all rules are applied normally to that action.
Characters' permanent effects are activated in specific circumstances (usually when you are performing another action). Some of them give a bonus to the action value, some provide a discount on the costs.
Permanent Effects examples:
Whenever you perform an action to take a Character card (through a Family Member or as an effect of another card), increase the value of the action by 2. In addition, the cost of the card you take is reduced by 1 coin.
Whenever you perform a Harvest action (through a Family Member or as an effect of another card), increase the value of the action by 2.
You don't take the bonuses when you take a Development Card from the third and the fourth floor of the towers (through a Family Member or as an effect of another card).
In addition, Character Cards provide Victory Points at the end of the game in relation to their total number
Ventures cost resources or Military Points. Some Venture Cards have a double cost, which means you can choose which cost to pay. If you don't have the resources or Points required, you can't place the Family Member to take the card.
This symbol means that you must pay 2 Military Points and may do so only if you have at leasts Military Points before taking the card. (Move your disc back on the Militaty Track). OR pay using resources.
Place the card in a line next to your Personal Board (in the upper right corner).
Ventures' permanent effects are always activated at the end of the game, when you calculate the final scoring.
Rules for placing a Family Member on a tower
The Family Member you want to place here must have a specific value, depending on the floor where you will place it:
On the first floor, you must place Family Members of value 1 or more.
On the second floor, you must place Family Members of value 3 or more.
On the third floor, you must place Family Members of value 5 or more.
On the fourth floor, you must place a Family Member of value 7 or more. To place here, you must spend at least 1 servant or have a card power that increases a Family Member's value
There is no rule regarding the placement order on the floors. (Players don't have to place on the first floor first).
Beside the action spaces on the third and fourth floor, you will find some bonuses: 1 or 2 wood, 1 or 2 stone, 1 or 2 Military Points, 1 or 2 coins. When you place a Family
Member in one of these spaces, immediately receive the bonus. You may use this bonus to pay the cost of the card you want to take.
If there are Family Members (one or more, yours or of other players) already present in the same tower where you want to place your Family Member, you must pay 3 coins to the supply before placing it. If you place in a space that gives coins as a bonus, you can't use them to pay these 3 additional coins.
There can't be two Family Members of the same color in the same tower. Uncolored Family Members are considered to be of a neutral color. (A single player can take 2 cards from the same tower in the same round, but only using their uncolored Family Member or using a card effect).
After taking a card, place it in the corresponding space of your Personal Board: Territories on the lower line, Buildings on the upper line, Characters on the lower right, Ventures on the upper right. If the card has an immediate effect, resolve it now.
You may not have more than 6 cards of the same type on your Personal Board.
Place a Family Member on a tower floor. (It must have a value equal to or higher than the value required by the action space. If there are already Family Members in the same tower, pay 3 additional coins to the supply. There can't be 2 Family Members of the same color in the same tower).
Take the bonus if present. Pay the cost of the card (and if it is a Territory, you must have the Military Points required). Take the card and place it on your personal board. Apply the immediate effect of the card if present.
Harvest And Production Area
Both of these areas are divided into two action spaces. The first action space on the left may contain only one Family Member. The larger action space on the right may contain any number of Family Members. (This space is not available in 2-players games).
The Family Member you want to place here must have a value of 1 or higher. The second section gives a penalty of -3 to the action value. To place a Family Member here, you must activate an action at value 1 or higher.
Players may not place two of their colored Family Members in the two action spaces of each area, but they can place a colored and the uncolored Family Member.
The value of the Family Members you place here determines the value of the action. Their value can be increased by spending servants or by cards' effects.
Harvest activates the corresponding personal bonus and the permanent effects of all Territories on your Personal Board, but only of those Territories that have a value equal to or lower than your Harvest action value.
Production activates the corresponding personal bonus and the permanent effects of all Buildings on your Personal Board, but only of those Buildings that have a value equal to or lower than your Production action value.
Personal bonus is indicated on your Personal Bonus Tile beside your Personal Board. This bonus is activated with an action at value 1, so it is always activated when you perform a Harvest/Production action.
Activating Permanent Effects
When you activate a line of Territories, you receive resources and Points from the activated cards. In addition, you receive bonuses from your Personal Bonus Tile.
You place a Family Member with a value of 3 on the first Harvest action space. You have 2 servants in your personal supply and decide to spend them to increase your action value up to 5. You receive 1 wood, 1 stone, and 1 servant from your Personal Bonus Tile; 3 wood from the Forest; 2 Military Points and 2 servants from the Manor House; and 1 Victory Point and 2 stone from the Marble Pit.
You don't receive bonuses from the Monastery because it has an activation value of 6 and your action has a value of 5.
When you activate a line of Buildings, you activate their permanent effects. In addition, you receive bonuses from your Personal Bonus Tile.
All the resources you want to use to activate the exchanging effects (those effects that change a resource into another) must already be present in your personal supply before starting the activation.
(You can't use resources that you received from a permanent effect for another building's permanent effect).
To remember, place the resources you want to use from your personal supply on the cards that will use those resources before activating.
You place a Family Member with a value of 6 on the second Production action space, so your action has a value of 3.
You can decide:
- not to spend servants and activate only the Treasury and the personal bonus. You gain 1 Military Point and receive 2 coins from the Personal Bonus Tile and you spend 1 or 2 coins to gain 3 or 5 Victory Points
- to spend 1 servant to also activate the Carpenter's Shop. You spend 1 wood to receive 3 coins or 2 wood to receive 5 coins
- to spend 2 servants to also activate the Fortress. You receive 1 Council Privilege and gain 2 Victory Points
In any case, you can't use the coins you receive from the Personal Bonus Tile (or from the Carpenter's Shop) to activate the Treasury. You must already have the coins in your personal supply before the activation.
There are 4 action spaces in the Market. (The 2 spaces with this symbol are only available in 4-players games).
Each space may contain only 1 Family Member. There can be any number of Family Members of the same color in the Market area. (A player can place a Family Member in more action spaces here).
The Family Members you want to place here must have a value of 1 or higher.
Receive 5 coins.
Receive 5 servants.
Gain 3 Military Points and receive 2 coins
Receive 2 different Council Privileges. (You may not take the same bonus twice).
When you receive resources, take them from the general supply and place them in the appropriate spaces on your Personal Board. When you gain Points, move your Marker Disc on the appropriate track.
The Council Palace
There is one action space in the Council Palace.
This space may contain any number of Family Members. There can be more than one of any color of Family Member in the Council Palace. (A player may place multiple Family Members in this action space).
The Family Member you want to place here must have a value of 1 or higher.
When you place in the Council Palace,, place the Family Members in order from left to right.
Immediately receive 1 Council Privilege and 1 coin.
Note: At the end of each round, Turn Order changes in relation to the order in which Family Members are placed in the Council Palace.
Council Privilege is a bonus of your choice between:
1 wood and 1 stone / 2 servants / 2 coins / 2 Military Points / 1 Faith Point
C. Vatican Report
This phase only occurs in rounds 2/4/6. There is no round marker in the game. You must look at the Development Cards to calculate the round, if you don't remember it. If the cards on the top of the decks are a different period than the cards on the board, then it is an even round.
During this phase, players must show their support to the Church through their Faith Points.
Each period has a certain amount of Faith Points required: 3/4/5 Faith Points for Period 1/2/3, respectively. This is indicated on the Faith Points track.
There are 3 different possibilities:
If a player does not have the Faith Points required at the end of a Period (their marker on the Faith track isn't on the required step), they are not able to support the Church and will suffer an Excommunication. Excommunicated players must place one of their cubes on the Excommunication Tile of the current period. From now on, they will suffer the negative effects of their excommunication. They leave their disc on the Faith Points track where it is.
If a player does have the Faith Points required at the end of a Period (their marker on the Faith track is on the required step or further), they can decide to support or not to support the Church.
If they decide not to support it, they will suffer an excommunication as if they did not have the required level of Faith Points. They must place their cube on the Excommunication Tile of the current Period and suffer the negative effects of their excommunication from now on. They leave their disc on the Faith track where it is.
If they decide to support the Church, they must spend all their Faith Points to prevent themself from receiving an excommunication. However, the Pope will thank them with a certain amount of Victory Points. The players receive the Victory Points indicated on the step of the Faith track they are currently on. Then they move their marker back to the first step of the Faith track.
(Suffering an excommunication will give you negative effects for the rest of the game, but it preserves your Faith Points).
At the end of the 6th Round, the players who do not have the Faith Points required, after suffering excommunication, gain the Victory Points indicated on the step of the Faith track they are currently on. Then they move their marker back to the first step of the Faith track.
After the Actions phase of round 2, the red player has 2 Faith Points and does not have the 3 Faith Points required by the first Period Vatican Report. They suffer the first Period Excommunication. They leave their disc where it is.
The green player has 3 Faith Points and can decide whether or not to support the Church.
If not, they suffer Excommunication and leaves their disc where it is.
If they support the Church, they gain 3 Victory Points and move their disc back to the 0 space of the Faith track.
D. End Of The Round
At the end of the round, perform the following actions.
Take all the faceup Development Cards from the board. They won't be used again in this game.
Change the Turn Order following the order of the Family Members placed in the Council Palace. The player who placed first becomes first player for the next round. Place their disc on the first space of the Turn Order, and so on with other players. If some players didn't place a Family Member in the Council Palace, they remain in their relative order.
Uncolored Family Members count for the Turn Order as well. If a player placed more Family Members here, the first on the left is counted for Turn Order. If there are no Family Members in the Council Palace, leave the Turn Order as it is.
Players then move their Family Members from the Board to their Personal Board.
You are now ready to start the following round.
End of the Game
The game ends at the end of the sixth round, after the End of the Round phase. You can now calculate the Final Scoring.
Players will score Victory Points for the following results, indicated by this symbol .
Conquered Territories: 1/4/10/20
Victory Points for 3/4/5/6 Territory Cards on your Personal Board.
Influenced Characters: 1/3/6/10/15/21
Victory Points for 1/2/3/4/5/6 Character Cards next to your Personal Board.
Encouraged Ventures: The sum of all Victory Points on the Venture Cards next to your Personal Board.
Military Strength: If there is a tie between first players, they all gain 5 Victory Points and nobody gains 2 Victory Points. If there is a tie between second players, they all gain 2 Victory Points.
Collected Resources: 1 Victory Point for every 5 resources of all types. (Add all the resources together, then divide the result by 5).
The player with most Victory Points is the winner.
In case of a tie, the player more advanced on the Turn Order is the winner.